Background selection complexity influences Maxent predictive performance in freshwater systems
T. E. Schartel , and Y. Cao.
Ecological Modeling 488,

Disentangling Effects of Natural Factors and Human Disturbances on Aquatic Systems – Needs and Approaches
Wang, L., Y. Cao, and D.M. Infante.
Water 15(7): 1387, 

Agricultural conservation may not help Midwestern US freshwater biodiversity in a changing climate.
Dai, Q-H, Y. Cao, M.L. Chu, E.R. Larson, and C.D. Suski.
Journal of the Total Environment 872,

How to statistically disentangle the effects of environmental factors and human disturbances: a review
Cao, Y. and L. Wang.
Water 15:734,

Effects of nutrient reduction and habitat heterogeneity on benthic macroinvertebrate assemblages in a large shallow eutrophic lake
Mao, Z-G, Y. Cao, X-H Gu, Y-J Cai, H-H Chen, Q-F Zeng, E. Jeppesen.
Journal of the Total Environment,


Response of zooplankton to nutrient reduction and enhanced fish predation in a shallow eutrophic lake
Z Mao, Y Cao, X Gu, Q Zeng, H Chen, E Jeppesen
Ecological Applications,

Effects of non-native species on phylogenetic dispersion of freshwater fish communities in North America
H Qian, C Chu, D Li, Y Cao, B Sandel, MU Mohamed Anas, NE Mandrak
Diversity and Distribution,

Causes of aquatic ecosystem degradation related to tourism and the feasibility of restoration for karst nature reserves
W Pang, YD Pan, QM You, Y Cao, LZ Wang, GP Deng, QX Wang
Aquatic Ecology,

Thermal tolerance of fish to heatwaves in agricultural streams: What does not kill you makes you stronger?
D Qihong, Lauren E. Hostert, Justin Rondon, Yong Cao, Cory Suski
Freshwater Biology,

Species richness of mussel assemblages and trait guilds in relation to environment and fish diversity in streams of Illinois, the USA
Yong Cao, Leon Hinz, Chris Taylor, Brain Metzke, Kevin Cummings
Hydrobiologia 849, pages 2193–2208


Modelling and predicting freshwater mussel distributions in the Midwestern USA
Tyler Schartel, Yong Cao, Bridget Henning, Mei-ling Feng, Leon Hinz
Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems

Taxonomic and phylogenetic beta diversity of freshwater fish assemblages in relation to geographic and climatic determinants in North America
H Qian, Y Cao, C Chu, D Li, B Sandel, X Wang, Y Jin
Global Ecology and Biogeography 30, 1965-1977

Pelagic energy flow supports the food web of a shallow lake following a dramatic regime shift driven by water level changes
ZG Mao, XH Gu, Y Cao, JH Luo, QF Zeng, HH Chen, E Jeppesen
Science of the Total Environment 756, 143642


Quantifying Planococcus ficus (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) invasion in northern California vineyards to inform management strategy
T.E. Schartel, M.L. Cooper, A. May, and M.P. Daugherty
Environmental Entomology, 50: 138-148

How does fish functional diversity respond to environmental changes in two large shallow lakes?
Z Mao, X Gu, Y Cao, J Luo, Q Zeng, H Chen, E Jeppesen
Science of the Total Environment 753, 142158

Geographic patterns and environmental drivers of phylogenetic relatedness and diversity for freshwater fishes in North America
H Qian, Y Cao, D Li, C Chu, B Sandel, X Wang
Ecography 43, 1814-1824

Understanding Human and Nature Interaction Outcomes for Sustaining Tourist Destinations: An Example of Jiuzhaigou Nature Reserve, China
GP Deng, LZ Wang, Y Tang, YD Pan, Y Cao, ZF Zu, BX Wang, QX Wang, …
Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management 23 (3), 373–384

The role of top-down and bottom-up control for phytoplankton in a subtropical shallow eutrophic lake: evidence based on long-term monitoring and modelling
Z Mao, X Gu, Y Cao, M Zhang, Q Zeng, H Chen, R Shen, E Jeppesen
Ecosystems 23, 1449–1463

Relationships among side‐scan sonar classified substrates and fish‐catch rates at multiple spatial scales
Jerrod Parker, Steve Pescitelli, John Epifanio, Yong Cao
River Research and Applications

Assessing population viability and habitat preference of River Redhorse and Eastern Sand Darter in Illinois running waters
Sara Ashcraft, Yong Cao, and Leon Hinz Jr.
Illinois Department of Natural Resources. Annual Interim Report T-110-R-1.


Weighting effective number of species measures by abundance weakens detection of diversity responses
Y Cao, CP Hawkins
Journal of Applied Ecology 56, 1200-1209

Relative importance of Conservation Reserve Programs to aquatic insect biodiversity in an agricultural watershed in the Midwest, USA
Eric South, Ed DeWalt, Yong Cao
Hydrobiologia 829, 323-340

Sampling central channel provided additional information on fish assemblages in a large boatable river in Midwest USA
Yong Cao, Jerrod Parker, Tim Edison, John Epifanio
Journal of Fish and Wildlife Management, DOI: https: 10.3996/042019-JFWM-028

Reconstructing the European Grapevine Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), invasion in California: insights from a successful eradication
T.E. Schartel, B.R. Bayles, M.L. Cooper, G. Simmons, S.M. Thomas, L.G. Varela, and M.P. Daugherty
Annals of the Entomological Society of America

Assessing population viability and habitat preference of River Redhorse and Eastern Sand Darter in Illinois running waters
Sara Ashcraft, Yong Cao, and Leon Hinz Jr.
Illinois Department of Natural Resources. Annual Interim Report T-110-R-1.


Detecting early signs of environmental degradation in protected areas: an example of Jiuzhaigou Nature Reserve, China
LZ Wang, YD Pan, Y Cao, B Li, WTP Q.X. Wang, B.X. Wang, J Zhang, …
Ecological Indicators 91, 287-298

Bias in estimates of the classic and incidence-based Jaccard similarity indices: insights from assemblage simulation
Y Cao
Community Ecology 19, 311-318

Sex, size, and prey caloric value affect diet specialization and consumption of an invasive prey by a native predator
Lauren E. Hostert, Lauren M. Pintor, James Byers
Current Zoology 65(5)

Length-weight relationships for small Midwestern US fishes
Jerrod Parker, Mark W. Fritts, Jason A. DeBoer
Journal of Applied Ichthyology

Large River Fish Functional Diversity Responses to Improved Water Quality over a 28 Year Period
Jerrod Parker, Yong Cao, Greg G. Sass, John Epifanio
Ecological Indicators

Xylella fastidiosa: Insights into an emerging plant pathogen.
A. Sicard, A.R. Zeilinger, M. Vanhove, T.E. Schartel, D.J. Beal, M.P. Daugherty, and R.P.P. Almeida
Annual Review of Phytopathology 56:181-202

Lessons from butterflies of the Black Belt Prairie: the Southern Dogface as an indicator of prairie remnants.
Fenner, J., T.E. Schartel, and B. Counterman
Transactions American Entomological Society 144:293-306

Biotic constraints on Cactoblastis cactorum (Berg) host use in the southern US and their implications for future spread
T.E. Schartel and C.P. Brooks
Food Webs 15


Reconstructing the natural distribution of individual unionid mussel species and species diversity in wadeable streams of Illinois, USA, with reference to stream bioassessment
Y Cao, K Cummings, L Hinz, SA Douglass, AP Stodola, AM Holtrop
Freshwater Science 36, 669–682

Effects of in situ phosphorus enrichment on the benthos in a subalpine karst stream and implications for bioassessment in nature reserves
Y Pan, G Deng, L Wang, Y Cao, W Pang, Q Wang, B Li, B Wang, J Zhang, …
Ecological Indicators 73, 274-283

Ecological recovery of a river fish assemblage following the implementation of the Clean Water Act
Daniel K. Gibson-Reinemer, John H. Chick, Jason A. DeBoer, Richard Sparks, Michael McClelland, Jerrod Parker, Mark W. Fritts, Andrew F. Casper

Increased zinc availability enhances initial aggregation and biofilm formation of Streptococcus pneumoniae
Brown, L.C., R.C. Caulkins, T.E. Schartel, J.W. Rosch, E.S. Honsa, S. Schultz-Cherry, V.A.
Meliopoulos, S. Cherry, and J.A. Thornton
Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology, 7:233

Applying social and ecological approaches to evaluate factors influencing river otter (Lontra canadensis) visitation to fish-rearing facilities in Pennsylvania
K.J. Pearce, T.L. Serfass, Sara Ashcraft, and S.S. Stevens
European Journal of Wildlife Research. 63: 33


A standardized method for quantifying consistent individual differences in schooling behaviour
Simon Pearish,  Lauren E. Hostert, Alison M. Bell
Journal of Fish Biology 90(1)

Variation of benthic algal assemblages among habitats in subalpine Karstic lakes and implications for bioassessment
YD Pan, LZ Wang, Y Cao, WT Pang, QX Wang, ZF Zhu, XP Zhang, …
Hydrobiologia 777 (1), 183–196

Lake macroinvertebrate assemblages and relationship with natural environment and tourism stress in Jiuzhaigou Natural Reserve, China
Y Cao, BX Wang, J Zhang, LZ Wang, YD Pan, QX Wang, DJ Jian, …
Ecological Indicators 62, 182-190

Importance of natural and anthropogenic environmental factors to fish communities of the Fox River in Illinois
S Schnier, X Cai, Y Cao
Environmental Management 57, 389-411

Modeling and mapping fish abundance across wadeable streams of Illinois, USA based on landscape-level environmental variables
Y Cao, L Hinz, B Metzke, JA Stein, AM Holtrop
Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 73, 1031-1046

The Effects of Improved Water Quality on Fish Assemblages in a Heavily Modified Large River System
Jerrod Parker, John Epifanio, Andrew Casper, Yong Cao
River Research and Applications

Relative preference influences how localized food affects predator space use and consumption of incidental prey
T.E. Schartel and E.M. Schauber


Modelling and mapping the distribution, diversity and abundance of freshwater mussels (Family Unionidae) in wadeable streams of Illinois, USA
Y Cao, A Stodola, S Douglass, D Shasteen, K Cummings, A Holtrop
Freshwater Biology 60, 1379-1397

Influence of a forest preserve on aquatic macroinvertebrates, habitat quality, and water quality in an urban stream
PM Wilkins, Y Cao, EJ Heske, JM Levengood
Urban Ecosystems 18, 989-1006

Assessing honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) foraging populations and the potential impact of pesticides on eight U. S. crops
Frazier M., Mullin C., Frazier J., Sara Ashcraft, Leslie T., Mussen E., and Drummond F
Journal of Economic Entomology. 108 (5): 2141-2152


Quantitative tolerance values for common stream benthic macroinvertebrates in the Yangtze River Delta, Eastern China
CY Qin, J Zhou, Y Cao, Y Zhang, RM Hughes, BX Wang
Environmental monitoring and assessment 186, 5883-5895

Towards a protocol for stream macroinvertebrate sampling in China
L Li, L Liu, RM Hughes, Y Cao, X Wang
Environmental monitoring and assessment 186 (1), 469-479


Modeling changes in freshwater mussel diversity in an agriculturally dominated landscape
Y Cao, J Huang, KS Cummings, A Holtrop
Freshwater Science 32, 1205-1218

Using Maxent to model the historic distributions of stonefly species in Illinois streams: the effects of regularization and threshold selections
Y Cao, RE DeWalt, JL Robinson, T Tweddale, L Hinz, M Pessino
Ecological Modelling 259, 30-39

Behavioral type-environment correlations in the field: A study of three-spined stickleback
Simon Pearish,  Lauren E. Hostert, Alison Bell
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 67, 765-774

The effects of age, sex, and habitat on body size and shape of the blackstripe topminnow, Fundulus notatus
Daniel P. Welsh, Muchu Zhou, Steven M. Mussmann, Lauren G. Fields, Claire L. Thomas, Simon P. Pearish, Stephanie L. Kilburn, Jerrod Parker, Laura R. Stein, Jennifer A. Bartlett, Christopher R. Bertram, Thomas J. Bland, Kate L. Laskowski, Brett C. Mommer, Xuan Zhuang, Rebecca C. Fuller
Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 108: 784-789

Comparative toxicities and synergism of apple orchard pesticides to Apis mellifera (L.) and Osmia cornifrons (Radoszkowski)
Biddinger D.J., Robertson J.L., Mullin C.A., Frazier J.L., Sara AshcraftA., Rajotte E.G., Joshi N., and Vaugn M.


Delineation and Validation of River Network Spatial Scales for Water Resources and Fisheries Management
L Wang, T Brenden, Y Cao, P Seelbach
Environmental Management 50 (5), 875-887

Predict seasonal low flows in the upper Yangtze River using random forests model
T Zhao, D Yang, X Cai, Y Cao
Shuili Fadian Xuebao/Journal of Hydroelectric Engineering 31 (3), 18-24+ 38

Does spatial variation in egg thiamine and fatty‐acid concentration of Lake Michigan lake trout Salvelinus namaycush lead to differential early mortality syndrome and yolk …
SJ Czesny, J Rinchard, BJ Lee, K Dabrowski, JM Dettmers, Y Cao
Journal of Fish Biology 80 (7), 2475-2493

Bioassessment of stream ecosystems enduring a decade of simulated degradation: lessons for the real world
RC Bailey, G Scrimgeour, D Coté, D Kehler, S Linke, Yong Cao
Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 69 (4), 784-796

Ohio USA stoneflies (Insecta, Plecoptera): species richness estimation, distribution of functional niche traits, drainage affiliations, and relationships to other states
RE DeWalt, Y Cao, T Tweddale, SA Grubbs, L Hinz, M Pessino, …
ZooKeys, 1-26

First records of the parasitoid Temelucha sinuate Cushman (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) in Mississippi and Florida, USA
Schartel, T.E., T.D. Marsico, and C.P. Brooks.
Entomological News, 122:376-377

From the front lines: the war against varroa
Sara Ashcraft, Mullin C.A., Frazier M. and Frazier J.L.
Bee Culture. 140, 25-29


Assessing sampling adequacy of mussel diversity surveys in wadeable Illinois streams
J Huang, Y Cao, KS Cummings
Journal of the North American Benthological Society 30 (4), 923-934

The comparability of bioassessments: a review of conceptual and methodological issues
Y Cao, CP Hawkins
Journal of the North American Benthological Society 30 (3), 680-701

Pesticides and their involvement in Colony Collapse Disorder
Frazier J.L., Mullin C.A., Frazier M., and Sara Ashcraft
American Bee Journal and Bee Culture.


Quantifying the responses of macroinvertebrate assemblages to simulated stress: are more accurate similarity indices less useful?
Y Cao, J Epifanio
Methods in Ecology and Evolution 1 (4), 380-388

Estimating sampling effort required for characterizing species richness and site-to-site similarity in fish assemblage surveys of wadeable Illinois streams
AM Holtrop, Y Cao, CR Dolan
Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 139 (5), 1421-1435

Method of predicting reference condition biota affects the performance and interpretation of ecological indices
CP Hawkins, Y Cao, B Roper
Freshwater Biology 55 (5), 1066-1085

High levels of miticides and agrochemicals in North American apiaries: implications for honey bee health
Mullin C.A., Frazier M., Frazier J.L., Sara Ashcraft, Simonds R., vanEngelsdorp D., and J. Pettis
PLoS One


Modelling of historical stonefly distributions using museum specimens
RE DeWalt, Y Cao, L Hinz, T Tweddale
Aquatic Insects 31 (sup1), 253-267


What have pesticides got to do with it?
Frazier M., Mullin C., Frazier J., and Sara Ashcraft.
American Bee Journal. 148, 521-523.


Effects of sample standardization on mean species detectabilities and estimates of relative differences in species richness among assemblages
Y Cao, CP Hawkins, DP Larsen, J Van Sickle
American Naturalist 170 (3), 381-395

Modeling natural environmental gradients improves the accuracy and precision of diatom-based indicators
Y Cao, CP Hawkins, J Olson, MA Kosterman
Journal of the North American Benthological Society 26 (3), 566-585


Wetlands functions: hydrology and water quality
Sara Ashcraft and Adam Slowik
Monitoring Matters 10, 4